Allama Iqbal has been undoubtedly one of the great poets of his times and also a political activist for Pakistan. He has been contributing by his poetic assets which were one of the major sources of encouraging youth and their brought up in the world which is dominated by the West. The message of Islam is clear in the poetic assets of Allama Iqbal as clear in Bang-e-Jibril, Bang-e-Dara and Armaghan-e-Hijaz.
Shayer-e-Mashrik Doctor Allam Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938) is one of the most prominent writers of the early 20th century. He has not only given us the poetic interpretation of Holy Quran but also gave a political idea of creation of Pakistan. In freedom movement of Pakistan, Shayer-e-Mashrik has not only given us a hope but also provoked Muslims for the cause of Pakistan through his unmatched poetry. Allama Iqbal has left us with his marvelous poetry which is still serving as a guide light to the youth of the Pakistan.
Allama Iqbal’s poetry and his contribution to the Freedom Movement:
Allama Iqbal is one of the leaders of the freedom movement for the Pakistan. He has been known as Saint who has used his natural talent of poetry to provoke the enthusiasm in the Muslim youth of undivided India. His poetry has depicted many glorious events of the Muslim to encourage the cause. In his famous poetic work Zarb-e-Kalim, he has given Muslims a new spirit to fight for the cause of independence from the British rule.
Allama Iqbal’s poetry and Religious teachings:
Another important aspect of Iqbal’s poetry is the expression of message of Quran and Hadith. Iqbal, to greater extent, is conveying the same message as has been delivered in either Quran or Hadith as in Bang-e-Dara. Since he was a great poet and bestowed with the natural talent of poetry, he took the message from divine sources and paraphrase it in his poetry so that the Muslims might come to know about their religion and their religious duties in order to pass successfully through the tyrant period of British Raj where Hindus and other communities are holding dominant positions.
Allama Iqbal’s poetry and modernism:
Shayer-e-Mashrik Iqbal has been revolutionary in the field of poetry as compare to his contemporaries. He was less interested in discussing the topics like Love, Beauty of the lover, Pessimistic approach to the norms of society and economic worries. He holds an entire new domain and had working on the concept of ‘Khudi’ and determination. His Bang-e-Dara, Baal-e-Jibril clearly marked him as untraditional poet with vigor and passion of leading the scattered nation. He was quite modern in his thoughts as he has discussed the political philosophies like ‘Khilafat’ and ‘Democracy’ in his poetry.
Allama Iqbal’s poetry for the masses:
The most unique and exceptional thing about the poetry of Allam Iqbal is that he was addressing the common man for common problems in most simple languages i.e. Urdu and Persian. It’s a matter of fact that these were the only two languages that were used at that time by the Muslims. He was conveying them the lessons of religion and politics at the same time but in simple and easy way. Armaghan-e-Hijaz is making Muslims realize about their glorious past and promising future even now a days. This peculiarity of Allama Iqbal has made him to hold the title of Shayer-e-Mashrik i.e. Poet of the East.
Allama Iqbal and his poetic assets:
Allama Iqbal’s poetry is not for the particular time period. It is something that can be used as a guideline in any time period without exception. He has written many prose and poetry for the cause of general masses and it is impossible for us to summarize the subject that has been dealt fairly well by the Allama Iqbal.
Allama Iqbals Urdu Poetry:
- Bang-e-Dara (1924)
- Bal-e-Jibril (1935)
- Armaghan-e-Hijaz (1938)
Allama Iqbal Persian Poetry:
- Asrar-e-Khudi (1915)
- Payam-e-Mashrik (1923)
- Javidnama (1932)
- Zabur-e-Ajam (1927)