All of us love to have beautiful blemish-free skin. Apart from a few lucky ones, the rest resort to beauty treatments and procedures to get great-looking skin, especially on the face. One such beauty treatment is the chemical peel where a chemical solution is applied to the skin and allowed to soak in.
After a week or two depending on how deep the chemical has soaked in, the skin starts to peel off and during a chemical peel, a controlled peeling of the skin takes place. This controlled peeling allows the new skin to grow in the old place. The chemicals are sometimes called exfoliating agents or wounding agents.
There are three types of chemical peels depending on the type of chemical used and the duration the chemical is left on the skin. The three types are superficial peels, medium peels, and deep chemical peels. The deep chemical peel is the most painful of the lot and here are some things you should know about it before going for one.
1. Deep chemical peels penetrate several layers of the skin
They also cause a second-degree burn of the skin and are used only on the face. The chemical that is usually used for a deep chemical peel is called phenol. Since it causes bleaching of the skin, it is not used on dark-skinned people and even on fair skins; it can be done only once.
2. Deep peels can be so painful that you may be given pain killers or a local anesthetic before the procedure
You can also be given an oral sedative which is in the form of a shot or an intravenous injection. General anesthesia is also sometimes used during the procedure.
3. They take a lot of time and sometimes phenol can be toxic
Since phenol can be toxic when absorbed into the system in large doses, you will be connected to a heart monitor and intravenous fluids. This is done only when the peel is applied to a large area.
4. A regular break is given during the procedure to make sure the body does not end up absorbing too much phenol
After one part of the face is done, a break of 15 minutes is given to ensure that too much phenol is not absorbed by the body. This is a must during all deep chemical peel procedures.
5. Tape or ointment is applied to the treated area to deal with deeper problems
The tape is removed after 2 days while the ointment can be washed away after 24 hours and reapplied as necessary.
6. Complete healing can take a few months
Although you can start going out after two weeks, complete healing of the skin after a deep peeling will take several months as deep chemical peeling involves second-degree burning of the skin.
7. You may be given anti-viral and anti-bacterial medicine after the procedure to deal with infections
Although it is rare, you will still be given these medicines to prevent any infection as your skin will be raw, sensitive, and prone to infections. Proper cleaning is really important with multiple showers in a day and regular checkups with your doctor.
8. In very rare cases
Too much usage of phenol can cause heart, liver, or kidney damage.